What is Gross Monthly Salary?
What is Gross Monthly Salary? - When you receive a salary, the money that you receive has gone through processes. The fixed amount of money that you receive is called net salary. That money has been deducted for other costs or obligations such as income tax. The combination of money you received, income tax, and many others is called gross salary. Since most people receive a salary every month, it’s called gross monthly salary.
If you are employed, the payroll clerks usually take care of the salary. From calculating wages, issuing statements, to preparing paychecks for the employees. However, it’s possible to spark curiosity from this, on what’s actually happening.
Whether the term ‘gross monthly salary’ is new to you, confuses or even intimidates you, fight that mindset. It is important to be aware of financial health and it’s never too late to start studying it.
Now that you are curious about gross monthly salary, how this works, what to do about it, to what extent, what is it about, this article can guide you to know everything you need to know about gross monthly salary.
What is Gross Monthly Salary?
Gross monthly salary is the amount of money an employee earns before deductions every month. The deductions usually consist of personal income taxes, contributions for retirement benefits, pension, or any other personal expenses. Since there can be many reasons to deduct the salary before receiving the net salary, it’s important for one to know their salary and how to calculate it.
The Significances of Gross Monthly Salary
The main reason you should know about gross monthly salary, where it comes from, and how to calculate yours is to assess your financial health. It’s undeniable that money matters. The money that you earn matters. It takes constant effort to learn more and more in managing your money well and eventually maintain a healthy finances. You don’t want the money that you finally earned, gone in vain.
Being aware of gross monthly salary will help you to do your budget plan better, monthly budget to be specific and surely for longer term. Since gross monthly salary consists of everything, it should give you a better guide on what to do about it.
For example, it can help you to choose which type of mutual funds are exempted from tax. Thus you know about how and where to invest better. That better decision making process comes from your ability to identify the details of various tax and allowances deductions from your gross monthly salary.
If you’re seeing the bigger picture, managing money itself takes such a long learning process. It takes a lifetime. So investing in developing knowledge in finance through a gross monthly salary is beneficial for your future.
In conclusion, knowing your gross monthly salary can help you in formulating a budget, calculating tax liabilities, choosing a percentage for retirement, and several other financial decisions. By knowing what’s happening and what are all of these, it can give you a clearer mind and result in better at making decisions.
The other reason you should learn about gross monthly salary is that it is one of the requirements to apply for loans or credit. The bigger gross monthly salary you receive, the bigger loan you can get. So your gross monthly salary can define how much money you can loan.
For example, the loaners would not approve if your total debt payments that consist of mortgage and other loans exceed 36% of your gross monthly income. If you decide to get a loan to purchase a house, car, or anything, you will have to negotiate the amount of money with the loaners.
During the discussion or negotiation, they will consider your gross monthly salary to ensure that eventually you can definitely pay your debt on time. They will make sure that your loan doesn’t exceed your ability to pay your debts. The decision needs to be made taking account of your wealth.
Even if you don’t plan to apply for loans or credit, the importance of knowing what’s gross monthly salary is still relevant. As it can save you in the future because if you invest in learning it today, the benefits will come to you both in the short and long term.
While learning about gross monthly salary can be a new experience for many individuals, it’s an obligation for the business level people to know about the significance of gross monthly salary. First, it will show the profitability of the company. Second, it will help with bookkeeping. Their main task is evaluating the gross monthly salary frequently whether the profit margins are doing well or not.
By evaluating it frequently, it should help them to understand what led to this state both on positive or negative news. It’s possible to identify problems through evaluating the gross monthly salary reports. After finding the problem areas, it will be more effective to fix the problem afterwards. It’s also possible to identify what has led to good news such as earning profits. Thus the company can find ways to maximize it.
Read More: Salary Guide in Singapore
Components of Gross Monthly Salary
Below are the typical components of gross monthly salary.
1. Basic Salary
If you are employed, the basic salary is the money you receive. It is not subject to any deductions or qualifies for any exemptions. Including bonuses, benefits, perks, and incentives. The nominal is usually lower than take-home salary or gross salary.
Business income is the term for the self-employed person. Any income generated from the business you’re running is business income. Just like the employed person, the gross monthly salary component can also apply for the self-employed person.
2. Overtime Pay
If you work extra time or beyond your regular work hour at your job and get paid, it is called overtime pay. While you obviously deserve overtime pay, it is also included in this component as gross salary.
Commission is a bonus pay that the employer calculates based on predetermined metrics such as successful quotas or sales goals you meet during a specific time period. This bonus is common among jobs such as real estate agents, brokers, sales representatives, managers, insurance agents, financial advisors, and travel agents.
While bonuses and commissions seem the same, there are several differences between both. First, the timing. Your employers will give you the bonus only after you successfully exceed the target. While in the commission system, your employers will pay you first based on what they may expect you to achieve after reviewing your current performance.
Second, the determining factor. If you meet the targets that you and your company have set for you, it can determine your bonus. In commission, you’re required to meet the predetermined quota or target.
Last, payment structure. There is a fixed compensation amount you can receive in payment as a bonus. In commission, the amount of money you receive depends on your performance, scope, and the industry. If your performance quality increases, you’re likely to receive more.
Both commission and bonus are subject to gross monthly salary.
The concept of tips is similar to bonus rather than commission. Just like the three of the previous components, this is also subject to gross monthly salary.
Knowing about gross monthly salary will help you to do better at investment. If you invest in financial instruments, any income that you receive such as dividends, interest, capital gains can also be considered as investment income. For that reason, investment is absolutely subject to gross monthly salary as well.
7. Alimony payments
Alimony payments can also be called spousal maintenance. It refers to the legal obligation of one spouse to provide financial support to the other spouse or ex-spouse.
8. Child support payments
Child support payments also have the same concept as alimony payments. It’s just that the target for this system is definitely the children. The regulation for both can be different in many places. However in many places, the child support payments only last until the child turns 18 or finishes the study. While in alimony payments, it can last forever until the spouse dies.
9. Social security contribution
Social security contribution is payment made to qualified retired adults and people with disabilities, and to their spouses, children, and survivors. Basically this payment is not only for your benefit, but many people as well who deserve the benefits.
10. Public assistance
This is the program to provide either cash assistance or in-kind benefits to individuals and families from the company or your employer’s entity. This can also apply in governmental entities.
11. Other sources of income
- Freelance work
- Side hustle
- Rental income
- Private sales
- Dividends from investment
Other sources of income can be included as gross monthly salary. Previously, dividends from investment were mentioned. However, freelance work and side hustle are also subject to gross monthly salary.
Rental income and private sales are also components of gross monthly salary. The key to this component is that as long as the component is regular. For example, if you receive other sources of income such as private sales and only happen in one month, the result will be different in the next month because you don’t have to calculate it if it doesn’t exist.
Read More: Average Salary Singapore by Age
How to Calculate Gross Monthly Salary
1. If you receive annual salary and a salaried employee
This process doesn’t account for additional sources of income. In order to calculate your gross monthly salary in this category, take account only one job that you want to calculate.
First, figure out your salary per year before any deductions. You can find that information in your employment document because an employment contract usually mentions the annual salary.
Then, divide it with 12 because annual salary means salary you receive in a year. If you want to figure out the monthly salary, divide that nominal with 12 since there are 12 months in a year.
gross monthly salary = annual salary / 12
For example, you earn $33,604 annually. Your gross monthly salary would be $33,604 divided by 12 and that will be $2,800.33.
2. If you are paid hourly
This process takes a little longer than the previous one. In order to figure out your hourly salary, you can refer to your employment document, same as the previous. This process also only applies for one job you want to calculate.
First, identify how much you earn by figuring out your work hour in a week. Since you want to know your gross monthly salary and your salary is derived from the hourly salary system, you have to equalize it from hour to week. If your average work hour per week is 20 and receive $10 as hourly salary, your weekly salary is multiple both and it will be $200.
Now you have to define your annual salary. So your second step is to multiply it by 52 because there are 52 weeks in a year.
Finally, figure out your gross monthly salary. After figuring out your annual salary, then divide it by 12 in order to find your gross monthly salary because there are 12 months in a year.
Following the example mentioned above, figure out your annual salary after defining the weekly salary. So multiply $200 and 52 and your annual salary is $10,400.
Then finally figure out your gross monthly salary. Divide $10,400 by 12 and your gross monthly salary is $866.66.
3. If you are self-employed
The gross monthly salary if you are self-employed refers to the average monthly profits, trade, or profession before any deductions of income tax. The profession is total revenue minus business expenses incurred.
Even if you are self-employed, you can use one of the two ways mentioned above. Customize it depending on your salary system whether it’s hourly, monthly, or yearly.
The key point to calculate gross monthly salary is to define all your earnings in a month before any deductions.
Gross monthly salary is all of your earnings in a month before deductions. Your gross monthly salary generally consists of net salary, taxes, charges, and allowances. In the name of building healthy finances, knowing about gross monthly salary is important. And if you plan to apply for loans or credit, you will be obliged to report it to the loaners as one of the first requirements. Thus, knowing your gross monthly salary is important.
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